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How to Add Themed Color Classes to Bootstrap

November 1, 2020


Bootstrap provides a ton of great utility classes for styling primary, danger, etc. but what if we want to support more themed colors? SASS to the rescue!


I had this same question, and ended up on this StackOverflow Question/Answer

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/38541526/adding-a-color-class-to-bootstrap/64637065

❓ Question

I have looked into Bootstrap, and noticed that there are few "color classes" included (primary, success, danger etc.) I would like to know if there is a way to add more classes like those mentioned in easy way.

For example: "primary" can be used with many elements, and will apply the defined color, and so does the other color classes. Can I create a class named "important", define its colors and apply it everywhere just like the included classes, without making a version of it for each element individually (using plain css or any of the preprocessors )

👾 Accepted answer

The main accepted answer suggests manually writing raw CSS to explicitly implement each new class yourself. This can work, and I've certainly used hacks like this myself on a variety of projects. However, there are obvious downsides to this approach, including duplicate code, manually calculating color codes for various states, and the dreaded !important hammer!

@import url("https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.6/css/bootstrap.min.css");

.important,
.important a {
  color: #fff !important;
  background-color: #ffc107 !important;
  border-color: #ff9800 !important;
}
.important:active,
.important.active,
.important:focus,
.important.focus,
.important:hover,
.important a:hover {
  background-color: #ff9800 !important;
  border-color: #ff5722 !important;
}

✔️ A Better Way

This is an older question but the accepted answer isn't the most complete and/or future-proof. Here's what I'd recommend if you've got SASS compilation as part of your build step.

For example, if you want to add a new "tertiary" color to the generated CSS classes, eg .text-tertiary, .bg-tertiary, .alert-tertiary, etc. we can use the following steps:

  • Set up a .scss file that will contain all of your SCSS and bootstrap overrides.
styles.scss
@import "_variables";
@import "~bootstrap/scss/bootstrap.scss";
  • Create your _variables.scss file for your bootstrap variable configurations/overrides:
_variables.scss
$tertiary: #218f8b;

// Add "tertiary" styles to the generated classes
$theme-colors: (
  "tertiary": $tertiary,
);

Further reading: See the official bootstrap documentation for more on theming: https://getbootstrap.com/docs/4.5/getting-started/theming/#add-to-map


Further reading...